Sheep and bovine farming are main sectors in Spain with a wide range of breeds adapted to different climates and regions. They are well-known by their high quality and their diverse dairy and meat products. Farming is an important source of employment and it contributes to national economy. To keep animal’s health and to guarantee food security, rigorous health regulations are implemented, as these animals are exposed to various diseases like sheep pox and bovine tuberculosis.
Sheep pox is a highly contagious disease which affects both sheep and goats. It is transmitted from animal to animal and can cause great damage in a flock. This illness may be mortal and can also affect the production of meat and wool. To prevent its propagation, many countries have implemented control measures such as vaccination and sacrificing infected animals.
On the other hand, bovine tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by a bacteria called Mycobacterium bovis. This illness affects bovines and can be passed to humans as well through milk and meat consumption coming from infected animals. Bovine tuberculosis can cause great economical loss for producers, as infected animals must be sacrifices to prevent disease propagation.
Regulations for control and prevention of these diseases vary depending on the country but, in general, they include measures like vaccination, sacrificing affected animals, mobility control of animals and inspections at butcheries and grocery stores to assess meat and dairy products.
These illnesses are concerning for the farming sector in Spain. The national sanitary legislation regulates some measures to prevent their propagation. In some cases, vaccination may prevent and control them, as negative economic impact that can be derived from these diseases, can affect also human health and other animals’ health. Besides, some countries may impose restrictions to meat and dairy products import from countries which don’t achieve certain disease control standards.
As a conclusion, both diseases can really affect flocks and the economy of ovine and bovine producers. That is why following these legislations and measures is key to prevent and control sheep pox and bovine tuberculosis. This way, these diseases can be under control and it is easier to keep animals and humans safe and healthy.
From the NeoGiANT project, we expect to contribute to human and animal health through potential final products which can help preventing and treating some animal diseases.